The Samuels family sailed from Bristol in England on a frigate named “TRY”
Arrived Port Phillip Heads, Melbourne Australia
Boarded a schooner called the “Harriett” and headed for Sydney.
Passed through Sydney Heads and dropped anchor opposite the Flour Warf in Darling Harbour.
TUESDAY 12th OCTOBER.
Left Bristol Tuesday, quarter past five afternoon.
WEDNESDAY 13th OCTOBER.
Passed Isle of Lundy.
THURSDAY 14th OCTOBER.
Cleared English Channel.
SUNDAY 17Th OCTOBER.
Nearly ran into a schooner at dark.
FRIDAY 22ND OCTOBER.
Off the Isle of ……….. in the evening.
SUNDAY 24TH OCTOBER.
Sighted and passed the Canary isles.
MONDAY 25th OCTOBER
French ship called the ……….from Plymouth with immigrants
SATURDAY 30TH OCTOBER.
Seen and passed one of the Heard Islands to the west.
WEDNESDAY 3RD NOVEMBER.
Vessel called the “Katherine Mitchell” with immigrants from Australia.
FRIDAY 5TH NOVEMBER.
A child died in the fever.
SUNDAY 7TH NOVEMBER.
Third mate died in the fever by the name of Phillips.
SATURDAY 13TH NOVEMBER.
Squall in the morning. Calm the rest of the day. Hooked a shark in -the evening.
A wind that took us South West by West. The first of any service to us for ten or eleven days.
SUNDAY 14TH NOVEMBER.
Steered South West by West. Two miles north of the line.
MONDAY 15TH NOVEMBER.
Steered South West by West. Crossed the line 24 degrees West
TUESDAY 16TH NOVEMBER.
94 miles from the line South.
MONDAY 29TH NOVEMBER.
Cape Albatross and various other birds following the ship in great numbers.
WEDNESDAY 1ST DECEMBER.
Young man died in the fever by name of Morris.
MONDAY 6th DECEMBER.
Caught a whale porpoise. Six feet eight inches long. Three feet six inches around the body.
WEDNESDAY 8th DECEMBER.
2.31 degrees east. 37.18 degrees south.
SATURDAY 11TH DECEMBER.
Passed the Cape at 11 pm.
An albatross caught. Measured nine feet six inches wing tip to tip.
SATURDAY 18TH DECEMBER.
34.39 degrees East longitude. 39
SUNDAY 19TH DECEMBER
MONDAY 20TH DECEMBER.
44.6 East Long. 19 South
TUESDAY 21ST DECEMBER.
Bitter cold wind for mid summer 49.14 East 42.38 S.
FRIDAY 24TH DECEMBER
Christmas Eve. Most of the passengers drunk. Stopped up all night to look after the lights.
SATURDAY 25TH DECEMBER
Very cold and foggy all day. Took our Christmas dinner in about 62 degrees
East 46 degrees south near land.
SUNDAY 26TH DECEMBER.
Seen several whales in the afternoon.
MONDAY 27TH DECEMBER.
Very foggy 71.59 E 46.25 S.
WEDNESDAY 5TH JANUARY 1853
114.56 E. 47S Gale come in about eleven in the night. Had the mainsail blown away. Lasted until Thursday morning. Left a very heavy sea.
THURSDAY 6TH JANUARY.
119.20 E 46.2 S
FRIDAY 7TH JANUARY
123.47 E 46.2 S
SATURDAY 8TH JANUARY
127.32 E 42.1.4 S
SUNDAY 9TH JANUARY.
A child died in the fever.
MONDAY 10TH JANUARY
36.49 E 40.17S
TUESDAY 11TH JANUARY
Up at quarter past four. 141.11E 39.40S Seen sail from the gallant yard. The first seen for three or four weeks. Come up and spoke to her in the afternoon.
An …… Bugg bound for Port Phillip. Got up at half past twelve seen the revolving light on Cape Ottway. Stopped up for rest of the night.
WEDNESDAY 12TH JANUARY.
Seen Port Phillip Heads early this morning. Took on a pilot and went through with a very light wind at about one o’clock. Seen several vessels that had been wrecked and now left as beacons for other ships. Breeze freshened when inside the heads. Dropped anchor off Melbourne at 10 past 4 in the afternoon.
THURSDAY 13TH JANUARY.
Boat came alongside to take the passengers that wish to go to Melbourne. Charged four pence per head. Five pence afternoon. Father went on shore. Bread, 1/6 oranges apples 2 lb. and potatoes 2 lb.
MONDAY 17TH JANUARY.
Went on shore first time in the Jolly Boat with passengers luggage. No time to see Melbourne.
TUESDAY 18TH JANUARY.
Went on board a schooner called the ‘Harriett’ for Sydney. Engaged by the Captain Mr. Collins to assist the cook and steward for the voyage for four pounds. Sailed for Port Phillip Head the same morning. Not able to get through because of the winds.
FRIDAY. 21ST JANUARY.
Seen the “Velors” come through the Heads.
SATURDAY 22ND JANUARY.
Wind favourable. Passed through Port Phillip Heads the second time.
SATURDAY 29TH JANUARY.
Passed through Sydney Heads about two o’clock this morning. Dropped anchor opposite the Flour Company Wharf in Darling Harbour at a half past three o’clock.
MONDAY 2ND FEBRUARY.
Looked at house in Sussex Street with four rooms for one pound five shillings per week. Slept on shore that night for first time since I left England.
Here Wally Samuels breaks away from reading the Diary to, make the following comments:
“Just a comment. It appears that James Junior has written all this about himself. He has not included his Family in any part of it, from when he left England until he got to Melbourne. He doesn’t mention one of them. The first time he mentions any of his Family is when he got to Melbourne and he says his Father went ashore with some of the passengers to where disembarking at Melbourne, to get some fresh fruit and bread etc. and he came back again. Now, he, James Junior, negotiated a passage to Sydney on the 18th January, on the “Harriett” and he either paid, or was paid, four pounds. For assisting the Cook. Anyway he arrived in Sydney and first thing, he goes about and is look for a four roomed house.
Now, did the “TRY” go on to Sydney? If it didn’t, how did the rest of the Family get up there? Because, just reading through the diary, it appears that he just mentions “I negotiated a passage to Sydney” on board the “Harriett”. He doesn’t mention any of his Parents, and they are not mentioned until a bit later on. So we will just continue a bit further with it now”.
MONDAY 14TH JANUARY
Got work at Australian Brewery at 30/- per week, left on the following Saturday.
TUESDAY 22ND JANUARY
Went to work at Royal Hotel George Street, Left on Friday 25th, Place and wages not suitable.
MONDAY 14th MARCH.
Went to work for a man named Arthur Little at Woolloomooloo as coachman.
WEDNESDAY 6TH APRIL
Left employ of Mr. Little to go to Melbourne.
TUESDAY 7TH APRIL
Went to Vaucluse. One of the promontories of Port Jackson belonging to a man by the name of Wentworth. One of the wheat squatters of Sydney with Mr. White.
SATURDAY 9TH APRIL
Went with Edward White to Parramatta 11 miles from Sydney.
WEDNESDAY 13TH APRIL
Bought a tent and ropes in King Street for one pound two shillings and two pence with Mr. White.
FRIDAY 15TH APRIL
Rose at half past 7 o’clock. After breakfast made tent pegs with E. White. Had dinner. Went into town with Mr. White and bought a pair of gold scales 12/-, powder 1/6 and came home, had tea, went around town, came home went to bed, twenty to ten.
SATURDAY 16TH APRIL
Up at half past six o’clock. Woke Mr. White. Washed myself. Went to market with mother, bought two baskets of peaches five shillings, came home, helped Mr. White divide and count them. Had breakfast, went out with Mr White to see some vessels that were going to Melbourne. Called at the shipping office, George Street, came home and
had dinner, went to the Albion Wharf, came home, read part of the history of China, had tea, went out, walked around town, bought a small box of needles gave a shilling for
them, came home went to bed quarter to eleven o’clock.
SUNDAY 17TH APRIL
Rose five minutes to eight. Had breakfast, packed some things, went around to Circular Quay, had dinner, went around Town to look for house, had tea, walked around town, came home done some sums, went to bed half past ten.
MONDAY 18TH APRIL
Rose quarter past seven, sent after water. Read a letter from the London Journal had breakfast, went out with E. White and Father around Circular Quay, from there to different wharves, had dinner, engaged a passage on board the “Dart” – for Melbourne. Had tea, went out, bought a pair of Cossack boots at -Mr Lewishams market, price eighteen shillings, went to bed half past eight o’clock.
TUESDAY 19TH APRIL.
Rose quarter past 7 o’clock. Prepared things for the voyage. Went out with E White in evening. To bed at half.past 10 o’clock.
WEDNESDAY 20TH APRIL
Rose 6 o’clock. Went to the flour wharf to board the “Dart”. Came home. Went out with father to different places, came home, went on board the “Dart” with E white, came home, cleaned pistol, had Dinner, took our things on board the brig “Dart” had tea on board, turned in about 9 o’clock.
THURSDAY 21ST APRIL
Lay out in Darling Harbour. Wind from the South.
FRIDAY 22nd APRIL
Lay out in the harbour. Went ashore with some of the sailors, helped bring the boat back.
SATURDAY 23RD APRIL
Rose at 6 o’clock. Went to shore in the boat to fetch the sailors. Went morning spent the day conversing with passengers. Turned in about 9 o’clock.
SUNDAY 24TH APRIL
Rose at 5 o’clock. Sailed from Sydney in the morning. Wind from the North.
MONDAY 25TH APRIL
Rose at half past 6 o’clock. Passed Twofold Bay in the evening.
Turned in 9 o’clock. Wind from the North.
TUESDAY 26TH APRIL
Rose half past two o’clock. Passed Cape Howe 5 oclock. Wind from the east After dinner wind against us.
WEDNESDAY 27TH APRIL
Wind against us. Bad weather.
THURSDAY 28TH APRIL
Wind against us. Bad weather.
FRIDAY 29TH APRIL
Wind against us ……seen the……..in the evening, to leeward.
SATURDAY 30TH APRIL
To windward of ….. in the morning. To windward of Kent Is. In evening. Saw the light.
SUNDAY 1ST MAY
Wilson Promontory. Rough weather and wind.
MONDAY 2ND MAY
Rose quarter to six. Fair wind. Passed through Port Phillip Heads the third time. Dropped anchor inside. Sailed for Melbourne as soon as it was light. After dinner dropped anchor off Williamstown.
TUESDAY 3RD MAY.
Lay off Williamstown.
WEDNESDAY 4TH MAY
Tugged up the River Yarra. Had Dinner on Board. Pitched our tent at Canvastown.
THURSDAY 5TH MAY
Sold 6 dozen for twenty three shillings
TUESDAY 10TH MAY.
Met John Townsend who told me his Master Mr. Little wanted two hands. Applied with E. White. Obtained the job at three pounds per week.
WEDNESDAY 11TH MAY.
Took a load of goods to Stanley’s opposite at the Barracks. Hauling dirt the rest of the day. Wrote a letter in the evening.
THURSDAY 12TH MAY
Went to St. Kilda with the dray, called at Mr. Little’s house. From there to the beach, got a load of stones, and took to Melbourne to put over the yard. Took my letter to the Post Office to Sydney.
FRIDAY 13TH MAY
Went to St. Kilda, called at Mt. Little’s house. From there to beach for a load of stones, took to Melbourne.
SATURDAY 14TH MAY
Raining all day. Worked in the store.
SUNDAY 15TH MAY
Walked about Melbourne in the morning. Walked over to Beach. Called at Mr Radfords tent. Had dinner there. Weather not looking very fine. Had tea and stopped all the night.
MONDAY 16TH MAY.
Fetched half a tone of coal from the coal yard King Street South. From there to Bell’s furnishing rooms Coillins Street. He had an iron bedstead, from there took off to St.Kilda where I had dinner. Brought back horse and cart. Walked over to St. Kilda, in the evening. Slept on the bed, first time since leaving Sydney.
TUESDAY 17th MAY
Walked into Melbourne in the morning. Took a cart of chairs to Mr Coker, Little Collins Street, and two or three other places during the day.
WEDNESDAY 18TH MAY
Rose at daybreak. Fetched eleven barrels of butter from Casuios Little Flinders Street. Took some things to Mr. Rain’s, called at Radfords coming back. Met Mr Rain, went back to house with him, brought away three bags of damaged flour. Took fourteen chests of tea to O’Connors, Swanston Street.
THURSDAY 19TH MAY.
Rose at daybreak. Helped Mr. Little dig up the …..of two…. Had breakfast. Walked into Melbourne. Called at the Post Office, received a letter from Sydney. Going home at night saw a possum.
FRIDAY 20TH MAY.
Went around to the wharf to see if the “Flying Cloud” was arrived from Sydney.
SATURDAY 21ST MAY.
Fetched two loads of stone from St. Kilda.
SUNDAY 22ND MAY
Walked around the bay as far as the red Bluff in the morning. After Dinner, read an account of a journey in the north island of New Zealand.
22ND TO 29TH MAY.
Hauling stones from St. Kilda.
SUNDAY 29TH MAY
Walked with Father and Symes to Radford’s tent Le Ardets Beach.
30TH MAY TO 5TH JUNE
Hauling more stones.
SUNDAY 5TH JUNE
Walked with Father and Symes through Prahan as far as the Yarra.
MONDAY 6TH JUNE.
Met father on the bridge. He told me if I did not see him on Tuesday to write home and say he was gone.
TUESDAY 7TH JUNE
WEDNESDAY 8TH JUNE.
Put letter in post for Sydney.
SATURDAY 11TH JUNE
Took some goods to Richmond Flat.
SUNDAY 12TH JUNE.
Busy at my work in the morning. Made a pair of leggings in the
MONDAY 13TH JUNE
Very wet in the morning. Rode into town with one of the carpenters. Worked in the store in the morning and went to Coles Wharf in the afternoon, after case of cigars. Had not enough money. Drove back. Went back again. Was too late. Came back, took some goods to Mr. English’s at Queen Street North. Walked over to St. Kilda, called at the Post Office.
TUESDAY 14TH JUNE.
Walked into Melbourne. Took six bags of bran to…….Twenty and a quarter chests of tea, eleven bags of bran to Daltons top of Elizabeth Street, carted back four and a quarter of the chests of tea, they were so dirty. Hauled some chests of tea into the yard from outside. Walked over to St. Kildia.
WEDNESDAY 15TH JUNE.
Walked into Melbourne. Carted two loads of dung to the dung depot. Second load, got the cart in a hole. Dug away in front of the wheels. Through out all the dung before I could get it out. Came back, bought three cases of tinplate from Brisbane for Mr. Little. Three casks of butter, six boxes of candles for Andrew.
THURSDAY 16TH JUNE.
Drove into town with case of tobacco from Woolly. In the morning, took a load of dung to the; Depot. Came home, put Blacky In the trap. Rode home with Mr Abraham Little.
FRIDAY 17TH JUNE
Carried a box of soap over to Andrews. Walked into Melbourne. Put Blacky into the dray. Fetched three cases of lucifers from ……..Took one to Kennedy’s Swanston Street North. A case of fruit and one of pickles to Stanleys opposite the Barracks. Came back, took eighteen sacks of bran to Flourtown Collingswood. Came back, went down on the moor, fetched some thins in the dray that was bogged. Put Blacky in the trap. Drove to St. Kilda.
SATURDAY 18TH JUNE.
Walked to Melbourne. Went up to Johnstons to borrow a saddle for Blacky. Could not get it. Worked in the store all day. Road home
in the chaise with Mr Little.
SUNDAY 19TH JUNE.
Groomed the horse. Blacked some boots. Lay some bricks over the stove. Washed a shirt. Chopped some wood. Cleaned myself. Came into the kitchen. Read the rest of Sunday.
MONDAY 20TH JUNE.
Rode into Melbourne on Jessie. Took some cases of butter to Rouses, Little Collin Street, between Swanston and Elizabeth. From there to Hydes of Bourke Street, Fetched 100 palings from the timber yard in Flinders Lane West. Took them to St. Kilda.
TUESDAY 21ST JUNE.
Drove my dray into Melbourne with Jessie led behind. Fetched ten baskets of cheese from Cameron’s Queen Street Sth. Took two loads of goods to Andrew Richmond Flat at one shilling each time. Drove home with Blacky in the dray.
WEDNESDAY 22ND JUNE.
Drove into town. Fetched 27 reems of paper from Davis Auction Rooms. Took eight boxes of starch to Cameron’s Flinders Lane. Took twelve boxes of onions to Hayes Auction Rooms Queen Street. Helped load some bullock drays. Fell of the dray on my back. Fetched ten bags of oats from Dobson’s Flinders Street. Brought 100 palings -and two cases of tin to St. Kilda.
THURSDAY 23RD JUNE.
Drove Caurley into Melbourne. Seen a bird called a Native Companion. Took Thirteen boxes of onions to Hayes Auction Rooms. Carted some goods to some bullock drays. After dinner fetched 4 bags of oats from Daltons. Took chest of tea to Soulfords. 20 bags of fine salt, 3 reems of paper and a box of raisins to Daltons. Drove over to St. Kilda with Saymoor. Took up two on the way. Saymoor walked behind.
FRIDAY 24TH JUNE.
Drove Blackey into town. Fetched 10 bags of oats from Dobson’s Flinders Street. Put 4 on bullock dray, the rest into store. Took three bags of salt to Beck’s, Bourke Street. A bag of pearl barley to Growther’s Russell Street, took Jessie to the Smithy to be shod. Fetched a load of stone to St. Kilda with Rob. Rode home with Saymoor.
SATURDAY 25TH JUNE.
Drove into Melbourne. Fetched a bag of stone from St. Ktlda. Took a bale of …… and a case of lard from Slade, King Street South. Case of pipes, a barrel of herrings to Turner and McGill, King Street North. Drove to St. Kilda, brought a case. Took up three drunken men who got down just before coming to …….Was glad to get rid of them. Picked up a cloth coat, pair of gloves, a silk hankerchief.
SUNDAY 26TH JUNE.
Rose at daybreak. Groomed the horses. Blacked some boots, climbed a tree after Miss May’s bird. Did not catch it. Have two good coats, two pair of waistcoats and my shirt. Washed myself. Chopped sane wood, walked over to Radford tent, all but Misses gone to the pier. Met Dinny, walked back to St. Kilda.
MONDAY 27TH JUNE.
Rose at daybreak. Very heavy white frost. Chopped some wood. Groomed the horses blacked the boots. Had breakfast, got the carpenters to help me grease the dray. Washed myself and drove to the beach. Got up a load of stones. Had a conversation with a lad born in Launceston. Drove into town. Put the horse in, went up town, called at the Post Office. No letter. Bought sixpence worth of apples. Took a cask of herrings to Turner and McGill, King Street, Took a damaged cask in exchange. Called at O’Briens, Hinders Street, five cases of …..Was kept an hour before I could get them. Fetched two boxes of tinplate from Brisbane from Elizabeth Street. Took on a barrel of Port Wine. Casket from Sargoods, some candles. Had a letter from mother. Drove over to St. Kilda. With Samuel and Seymour. Miss Little came home from the country.
TUESDAY 28TH JUNE.
Rose at daybreak. Light frost on the ground. Chopped some wood. Groomed the horses. Blacked the boots. Put on Jessie and visitors Horse. Had breakfast. Drove Blacky into town. Put him in the Chaise. Went to see if the …….was up, was not. Came back, took Blacky out. Put him in the stables for the day. Received a registered letter from Mother from Sydney.
WEDNESDAY 29TH JUNE.
Rose at Daybreak. After doing the housework walked into town. Led Blackey out to St. Kilda. Worked in the store until dinner time. Crossed the Yarra in a boat, charged threepence. Went on board the “Shancrost”. Did not see the Engineer Mr. Rogers. Crossed in the boat. Worked in the store until night. Going home, met Seymour coming back to get some medicine for the horse. Went back to the store, consulted Old John. Advised us to call at the Farriers at Prahan as we went home. Called at the Farriers, said he could not do anything for us and advised us to Andy Watts, which advise we did not follow as he could not explain where he lived. Walked home, found the horse much better. Had dinner and tea. Fastened the gig cover in front of the stables With Mr. Little. Went to bed.
THURSDAY 30TH JUNE.
Rose at daybreak, walked Blackey about the paddock. Blacked the boots. Put Jessie in. Had breakfast, walked into town. Drove up to Mr & Mrs Cambell’s. Drove him up to St. Kilda, and held the horses while he bled him and the hooves. Drove back to Melbourne. Took Jessie to water. Crossed the River Yarra in the boat. Went on board the “Shancrost” to see the Engineer and secure a bundle from him from Sydney. Contained 1 waistcoat, 1
pair trousers, 2 shirts, 1 coat and undies. Came back to the store and made two bags for the horses feet. Called at the post office. Drove home Jessie in the chaise. Put two poultices on
Blackeys feet. Chopped some wood. At this stage Wally Samuels ceased reading the Diary, stating that the remainder of the Diary up to 15th July 1853, contained much the same which established that he had entered into service with a Mr. Little in Melbourne.
Wally makes the following comments:
“First February lobbed in Sydney and booked a four room house. From the first February 16th April there is no mention of any Family. On April 16th James Jnr mentions he goes to the market with his mother. Apri1 18th he went around with his Father and E. White and engaged passage on the “DART” back to Melbourne, for what appears to be E. White and himself. On Wednesday 20th again went around with father hut went on board with E. White. Bought a tent with E. White, made tent pegs with E. White, so it looks like it was him and B. White. Friday 20th he was back in Melbourne. Once he got back in Melbourne there was no mention of his Father. On Friday 20th March, he mentioned that he went to the wharf for the “Flying Cloud” from Sydney. Over the next three days he talked about his Father and Symes and then on Monday 6th June his Father left for Bendigo, apparently with Symes. James Jnr. wrote back and told his Mother his father had gone to Bendigo.We have still got the big question of how they had let off passengers who were going to Melbourne, and he got a ride up on the “Harriett”. Did the “TRY” come to Sydney? We’ll have to find that out somehow, and if it did, then apparently that’s the way they came up. We’ll have to leave it there, with the father in Bendigo, him in Melbourne, and the rest of the family in Sydney.